I. Saints in the same assembly must be be diligent to make sure there are no divisions among them (v. 10a)

II. Saints in the same assembly must be united in confession (v. 10a)

III. Saints in the same assembly must be united in doctrine (v. 10b)

IV. Saints in the same assembly must be united in affection (v. 10c)

V. When saints in the same assembly are not united, they tend to quarrel; and quarreling is a great evil in the eyes of God (v. 11) 

VI. Divisions and quarrels inevitably come when saints base their identity on things other than Christ (v. 12)

VII. Unity as a local church is important because we represent Christ, and He is not divided (v. 13)


1. Read verse 10. Here Paul begins to address one of the primary concerns he had for writing this letter: pride and its dangerous effects which lead to disunity in the body of Christ. By what authority does Paul appeal to these Christians? What is Paul pleading with them to do and be? What kind of unity is he calling for, and how do the words “mind” and “judgement” help clarify?

2. According to verse 11, why was Paul compelled to appeal to the Corinthians to “agree,” and get rid of “divisions” so that they may be “united”? How do 1 Corinthians 3:3 and Galatians 5:20 shine light on why these quarrels needed to be repented of?

3. According to verse 12, what was the nature of the “divisions among” the Corinthians? How does John the Baptist’s principle in John 3:30 help us see the error the Corinthians had fallen into?

4. Read verse 13. What is Paul getting at when he asks these three rhetorical questions?

Ekklesia Muskogee is a reformed baptist church that gathers for worship in Muskogee, Oklahoma. We confess the 1689 second London baptist confession of faith. We affirm the five solas of the Reformation as well as the doctrines of grace (otherwise known as the five points of Calvinism), and each of our pastors would not be ashamed to be called a Calvinist. We are a church led by elders, of which there is a plurality (also called pastors and overseers in the Scriptures). Our mission is to make disciples, love cities, and plant churches.